AMP > Actions > Colloques > « L’influence des ‘‘milieux’’ dans la (...)
Année : 2011

« L’influence des ‘‘milieux’’ dans la production architecture et paysagère »

PERYSINAKI Aliki-Myrto, « L’influence des ‘‘milieux’’ dans la production architecture et paysagère », Conférence internationale Paysages de la vie quotidienne, Regards croisés entre la recherche et l’action, Programme « Paysage et développement durable 2005-2011 », Atelier B – La dimension écologique des projets de paysage et l’apport de la participation, Ministère de l’écologie, du développement durable, du transport et du logement, Perpignan/Girona, 2011, publication CD.

The expression « sustainable development » appears at the beginning of the 80’s and is popularised during the second half of the decade2. In the fields of architecture, landscape and town planning, the rise of the importance of the environmental questions in the construction deed echoed this international awakening. In this article, we will examine the work of known architects who work on the problems of sustainable development and who were nominated with the price of sustainable architecture3. This work aims to define how the meaning of « sustainable » is adopted in each proposal. In the transcultural comparisons that we will analyse, it is important to examine whether one finds elements in common implied by sustainable development. It is in this direction that it is necessary to distinguish the influence of milieux (cultural environment, geographical environment) that are implied during the development of the project.

The hypothesis of this article is that there are currently two types of approach concerning the sustainable practice : the first is based on technological data4 and the second on the local ways of construction and remains closer to a regional practice5. We will work on a set of outstanding examples of this approach based on the specific character of the place as well as the local products of the site. The projects which will be analysed - Bijoy Jain, Studio Mumbai (India), Diébédo Francis Kéré (Burkina Faso), Rural Studio (United States), Elemental (Chile), Carin Smuts (South Africa), Fabrizio Carola (Italy), Hermann Kaufmann (Austria), Wang Shu (China), Troppo Architects (Australia) – illustrate this approach.

In this research, we aim to further develop the discussions on the possibility to regard ecology as a possible model for the urban, landscape and architectural design. It is a question of observing up to what point the project is modified during its elaboration by the local conditions, the lifestyles, the practices and the way in which it is perceived.